Friday, October 30, 2015

Research Guide to Instruments of European Regional Organizations

For my blog post this week, I am going to review a book that just came through our reviewing shelves this month – Research Guide to Instruments of European Regional Organizations ("Research Guide"). Authored by Frederic Eggermont and Stefaan Smis, this is the second edition of a work originally published by Intersentia in 2010 but it’s new to me.

Getting our hands on official versions of treaties and conventions is easy these days, and you won’t need this book for that. But, if you want to know about the origins of some of the better known European organizations, what the relationship is between these organizations, and what kind of materials they create, that is a matter beyond the strengths of Google.

Research Guide covers the following organizations:  the Council of Europe, the European Union, the European Free Trade Association and the European Economic Area, the Western European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, as well as the Benelux. One great feature is that the book covers each organization in a separate chapter, and each chapter starts with background information on that organization, including descriptions of the main bodies to enable a better understanding of the organization’s legislative process. I also like that each chapter points to additional resources one can consult on that particular organization.

I will use Chapter II, covering the Council of Europe, to illustrate the usefulness of this resource. First of all, the introductory material on “what is the Council of Europe” is helpful, especially since that section concludes with an explanation of what is the interface between the COE and the European Union:  “Even though it was originally designed to be the motor of European integration, as an intergovernmental organization it had limited means to achieve its broad goal and was later surpassed as motor of integration by the three supranational organizations that later formed the European Union.” I was actually wondering about the interplay between the two organizations. 

Further, I learned that the COE has two legislative bodies, the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly (the Committee of Ministers later created the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities and a Commissioner of Human Rights). The Committee of Ministers is the main decision making body of the COE and its main task is to consider action required to further the aims of the COE. The Parliamentary Assembly is the deliberative organ of the COE. The Guide explains that the Parliamentary Assembly was originally referred to as the “Consultative Assembly” in the originating statute, but that in 1974 the Assembly decided to call itself by the new name. Of course, there is also a section entitled “How to Find the Law of the Council of Europe.”

All of this is essential information that would take a researcher unfamiliar with this organization a lot of time to put together. This book was originally programed to be shelved in the stacks, but I am so taken with how thorough it is I have moved it to the Ready Reference shelves directly behind the Reference Desk. Check it out.

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